Calitatea Vieții <div><em>Calitatea Vieții</em> (<em>Quality of Life</em>) is a journal founded in 1990 with the aim of advancing scientific research on quality of life and social policy issues. The journal features four issues per year and publishes empirical, methodological and theoretical articles in the above-mentioned areas as well as in the following related fields:<br />• Living standard(s)<br />• Consumption patterns<br />• Employment and occupations<br />• Healthcare<br />• Housing<br />• Political participation<br />• Environmental well-being<br />• Education and schooling<br />• Social services<br />• Social interventions<br />• Family and interpersonal relationships<br />• Leisure<br />• Migration<br />• Lifestyles<br />• Subjective well-being<br />• Research methods<br /><br />In particular, the journal encourages the submission of articles analysing and assessing social policies as well as of those advancing strategies and recommendations of social intervention. The journal publishes original articles based on qualitative or quantitative data as well as theoretical articles. The journal accepts manuscripts in Romanian, English and French. All submissions are carefully assessed and undergo the double-blind peer review process with a minimum of two reviewers.<br /><br />The Quality of Life journal follows a new editorial policy that aims to encourage articles that bring original contributions to the international literature in its areas of interest, without downplaying relevant research that aims to foster local, national or regional social development. We also support the increasing international visibility of the articles published by our authors and the growth in the number of citations.</div> <div><br />The journal is indexed in the following databases:<br /><a href="">Scopus</a><br /><a href="">CEEOL</a><br /><a href=";org=Calitatea%20Vietii,p3234,3.html">Index Copernicus</a><br />Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS)<br />Sociological Abstracts<br /><a href="">The Belt and Road Initiative Reference Source (Ebsco)</a><br />Revista are calificativul B+ acordat de CNCSIS.<br /><br />Submission invitation<br />The Quality of Life journal is always open to the publication of scientific articles, of book reviews and of contributions describing scientific events (conferences or congresses). Please send your manuscript, following the <a href="">instructions for authors</a>, via email to the journal’s address <a href=""></a>.</div> Editura Academiei Române en-US Calitatea Vieții 1018-0389 Introduction: strategies, policies, programs and projects for youth rural NEETs Štefan Bojnec Claudia Petrescu Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 3 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.01 Soft Skills and Psychological Well-being: A Study on Italian Rural and Urban NEETs <p><em>S</em>oft skills retain a certain importance in fully understanding the NEET phenomenon: however, only few researchers have focused on them specifically. The aim of this work is two-fold: a) to detect the differences in terms of soft skills and psychological well-being between urban and rural NEETs; and b) to evaluate which of the soft skills analysed may be predictors of psychological well-being. A sample of young 6998 18−34 years old representative of the Italian population was used. Although gender and educational attainment play a key role in determining NEET status, the degree of urbanisation must be considered because it appears to influence the well-being and perceived soft skills of a group of NEETs. The present study shows that females with low educational attainment residing in rural areas have lower levels of well-being than females with low educational attainment residing in urban areas. A similar influence exists in relation to one particular soft skill: positive vision. Furthermore, soft skills predict psychological well-being wherein degree of urbanisation and gender seems to play a determining role. Policies should, therefore, consider these issues in their design and implementation phases.</p> Adriano Mauro Ellena Elena Marta Francisco Simões Maria Fernandes-Jesus Claudia Petrescu Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 19 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.02 Policy and practical lessons learned regarding youth and NEETs in Slovenia <p>The article highlights the Slovenian strategies, institutions, policies, programmes, projects, and measures in tackling the NEETs, particularly the rural ones. The Youth Guarantee, and particularly active employment policy measures at a national level implemented via regional offices for employment work together to play a crucial role in bridging the gaps for the structurally and long-term unemployed in general, and especially for rural NEETs who are in transition from education and training to employment. National strategies and policies are supported by international programmes and projects. Amongst the success stories can be tentatively included the integration of the Roma population of at least one-cross-border area with geographical proximity to the neighbouring Styria region of Austria. Whilst the percentage of rural NEETs in Slovenia is modest, this does not mean an absence of the problems typical to this group i.e., less favourable personal, household, and/or other characteristics for the vulnerable, and economically and socially excluded rural NEETs. The hidden, unregistered NEETs (not participating in any programmes and policies) are at least as important as the registered ones. Both registered and unregistered NEETs are challenging issues in terms of their economic and social integration. To that end, it is necessary to provide general and specific opportunities for continued lifelong learning within the context of their personal, family, and social commitments: this will help to ensure their successful labour market and social integration, survival in the competitive labour market, quality of life by avoiding poverty risks, and sustainable rural development more broadly.</p> Štefan Bojnec Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 13 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.03 State level agreed-upon factors contributing more effective policymaking for public sector services for effective local-level work with NEETs <p>Supporting young people who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) represents a new global policy challenge. There is a need to increase knowledge about policymaking connected to multidisciplinary approaches in order to provide better services for NEET youth. This study focuses on interpretations by specialists in the youth field in Estonia regarding the current public policy support system for NEETs and the associated factors affecting the achievement of policy goals. Based on document analysis and semi-structured interviews with specialists from all levels of the national NEET support system, this study demonstrates that the cross-sectoral and multi-level public policy system for NEETs lacks sufficient understanding of the central aims. The support strategy is, rather, created for use within a single structure and does not have a common meaning from a system-wide perspective. State-level coordinating parties need a common understanding at the beginning of policy creation concerning the system’s long-term aims, information flow and performance, agreed-upon roles transcending sectors, and process management across structures. This change would enable better outreach and integrated services at the local level and be accurately based on the needs of youth with heterogeneous backgrounds whilst avoiding barriers at the individual case level.</p> Heidi Paabort Mai Beilmann Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 24 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.04 Youth Policy Adaptation in the Spanish Rural Context: A Case of Study of Youth Policy Programs <p><em>This article aims to describe a series of policies concerning Spanish youth and their degree of adaptation to Spanish rural areas in terms of the key elements of social dynamics in Spain's rural areas. It considers some of the general youth policies being implemented, and identifies those which appear to be closer to these specific territories. After discussing these policies, it is clear that, on the one hand, there is a lack of flexibility and adaptation to the particular circumstances of rural areas. However, on the other hand, it is also possible to cautiously point out some policies which do indeed propose more appropriate actions for rural areas, as well as observe pilot experiences and partnerships between NGOs and the administration that not only have some outstanding elements, but also the potential to stretch into the future</em></p> Vicent A. Querol Emma Gómez Nicolau Xavier Ginés Sanchez Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 16 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.05 NEET Strategies in Post-Recession Ireland: Reflections on the Importance of Connecting Formal and Non-Formal Educational Supports <p>In the aftermath of the 2007−2008 global economic crisis, Ireland had one of the highest unemployment rates in the OECD for those aged between 15−25 years. An over-dependence on the construction and agriculture sectors (used to absorb early school leavers into related apprenticeship programmes) was exposed. Consequently, a reassessment of the challenges this demographic faced informed the development of a suite of targeted responses. This paper reflects on three distinct, although interrelated, areas where strategies which impacted upon NEETs were actioned in Ireland between 2007 and 2019. These are: formal education; non-formal education and training; and, establishing the voice of those most impacted (i.e., NEETs and potential NEETs), as central to the success of emergent and future responses.</p> Paul Flynn Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 13 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.06 Implementation of the Youth Guarantee Programme in Romania <p>In 2014, European countries began implementing the Youth Guarantee Programme (YGP), one of the European Commission’s most important initiatives designed to combat the issue of youth unemployment. This led to a decrease in the number of young NEETs over the subsequent 6 years. Based on data concerning the extent and size of the NEETs phenomenon at the European level, the number of NEETs who benefit from various measures, and data regarding programmes for NEETs financed by ESF, this paper presents an overview of the YGP implementation in Romania during the 2014−2020 period. It does so by identifying the main challenges and barriers that prevented the achievement of the proposed results. In that regard, the main barriers in the implementation of YGP in Romania are related to the lack of coordination of measures between institutions; a lack of flexibility in registering young NEETs; low levels of partnership with local authorities, companies, and NGOs; delays in funding measures; and a lack of centralised monitoring data in order to provide a picture of progress and thus necessary improvement measures.</p> Claudia Petrescu Adriana Neguț Flavius Mihalache Copyright (c) 2021 Romanian Academy Publishing House 2021-10-29 2021-10-29 32 4 1 19 10.46841/RCV.2021.04.07