Soft Skills and Psychological Well-being: A Study on Italian Rural and Urban NEETs



NEET's, rural, urban, soft skills, psychological well-being


Soft skills retain a certain importance in fully understanding the NEET phenomenon: however, only few researchers have focused on them specifically. The aim of this work is two-fold: a) to detect the differences in terms of soft skills and psychological well-being between urban and rural NEETs; and b) to evaluate which of the soft skills analysed may be predictors of psychological well-being. A sample of young 6998 18−34 years old representative of the Italian population was used. Although gender and educational attainment play a key role in determining NEET status, the degree of urbanisation must be considered because it appears to influence the well-being and perceived soft skills of a group of NEETs. The present study shows that females with low educational attainment residing in rural areas have lower levels of well-being than females with low educational attainment residing in urban areas. A similar influence exists in relation to one particular soft skill: positive vision. Furthermore, soft skills predict psychological well-being wherein degree of urbanisation and gender seems to play a determining role. Policies should, therefore, consider these issues in their design and implementation phases.


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Author Biographies

Adriano Mauro Ellena, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Address: Largo gemelli 1, 20123, Milano, Italia.

Elena Marta, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Address: Largo Gemelli 1, 20123, Milano, Italia.

Francisco Simões, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Iscte), CIS-Iscte

Address: Cidade Universitária de Lisboa, Av. das Forças Armadas, 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal.

Maria Fernandes-Jesus, York St John University

Address: Lord Mayor's Walk, York, YO31 7EX, York, UK.
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (Iscte) CIS-Iscte
Cidade Universitária de Lisboa, Av. das Forças Armadas, 1649−026, Lisboa, Portugal.

Claudia Petrescu, Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy

Address: 13 September Road no. 13, District 5, 050711, Bucharest, Romania.


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How to Cite

Mauro Ellena, . A., Marta, E., Simões, F., Fernandes-Jesus, M., & Petrescu, C. (2021). Soft Skills and Psychological Well-being: A Study on Italian Rural and Urban NEETs. Calitatea Vieții, 32(4), 352–370.




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