Dimensiunea economică a calității vieții populației din România
Keywords:development gaps, income, consumption, inequalities
The standard of living for the majority of the population in Romania registered numerous areas of social vulnerability, especially before 2000, but also after the conclusion of the transition during 2005−2007. In order to reveal the changes that have taken place in this field, in the following paper indicators related to the decade 2009−2019 are analyzed, but there are also presented some series of indicators referring to the previous decades, regarding some key sectors only. We aim to identify major changes where they exist, but also to reveal long-term trends in some key sectors. At the beginning, the paper presents some objective premises of the national economy, which have conditioned the current situation of the standard of living − the dynamics of GDP and GNI, the evolution of labor and emigration, the dynamics of imports/ exports, and so on. After these latter elements, follows an analysis of the relevant indicators regarding the level of population`s income, the goods and services consumption, the trends of population`s savings, and the size of wealth accumulation at households level. Recent information on the poverty phenomenon in Romania is not missing from the context. The sources of data used are both Romanian (INS Bucharest, BNR, etc.), and international (Eurostat, Worlddata, IMF, etc.).
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